These are projects that are currently being conducted or haver recently finished and results are in the process of been published.
1. Validation of the digital SNAPPS
The SNAPPS questionnaire has been converted into an online format (digital SNAPPS). The digital form of the questionnaire will enable the collection of data in large-scale epidemiological studies. The digital SNAPPS was been validated against the paper SNAPPS ensuring that its properties are maintain; which means that measures what it was designed to measure.
2. Prevalence of patellofemoral pain in a mass-participant sporting event
As part of his MRes studies, Mohamed Yusuf led a cross-sectional study aiming to establish the prevalence of patellofemoral pain in participants and spectators at Cancer Research UK’s Race for Life (2019) event at Heaton Park in Manchester. As part of this project, there was a public engagement activity on healthy running and how to avoid injury.
3. Incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in physical activity initiatives targeting naïve and novice groups.
Dr. Nicola Relph of Edge Hill University is leading on a project investigating musculoskeletal (MSK) injury rates and associated risk factors in adults who partake in physical activity initiatives such as Couch to 5k. As part of this project, Dr Relph will be utilising the SNAPPS questionnaire to identify individuals with patellofemoral pain.
4. Reliability, Validity and Diagnostic Accuracy of a Survey to Identify Patellofemoral Pain in Adolescents
As part of her Master studies, Marin Gerberich is determining the reliability, validity, sensitivity and specificity of the SNAPPS in identifying PFP in an adolescent population (13-18 years). The SNAPPS categorization will be compared to categorization assigned by athletic trainers following a clinical evaluation.
5. Validation of the SNAPPS in German
In order to use the SNAPPS in German speaking countries, the German Translation of the questionnaire will be validated. Specifically, the internal consistency, inter-item-correlation, test-retest-reliability and diagnostic validity will be examined. Currently, the interrater-reliability for the clinical examination of PFP is examined as a base for determining the diagnostic validity.
6. Translation and Cultural Validation of the SNAPPS Instrument in Chile
In order to use the SNAPPS instrument in Chile, the questionnaire will be translated into Spanish (Chile) and validated. This work is been developed by a group in the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile.